Sydney is the most populous city in Australia, with a metropolitan area population of approximately 5.07 million people (2017). Sydney is the state capital of New South Wales, and is the site of the first European colony in Australia, established in 1788 at Sydney Cove by Arthur Phillip, leader of the First Fleet from Britain. A resident of the city is referred to as a Sydneysider.

Sydney is located on Australia's south-east coast. The city is built around Port Jackson, which includes Sydney Harbour, leading to the city's nickname, "the Harbour City". The city can also be referred to a name adopted after the 1987 David Williamson play of a family who moved from Melbourne to Sydney - "The Emerald City".

It is Australia's largest financial centre and is home to the Australian Securities Exchange. Sydney's leading economic sectors include property and business services, manufacturing, tourism, media, health and community services.

Sydney is a major international tourist destination notable for its beaches and twin landmarks: the Sydney Opera House and the Harbour Bridge. The metropolitan area is surrounded by national parks, and contains many bays, rivers and inlets. The city has played host to numerous international sporting, political and cultural events, including the 2000 Summer Olympics.


CBD "Central Business District"

Eastern Suburbs

Northern Beaches

North Shore

Inner West

Canterbury Bankstown

Georges River Shire

Sutherland Shire

Western Sydney


Sydney is the home of the Sydney Cricket Ground (SCG), where the Poms were bashed in 2013.

it's also the home of NRL outside Britain. Current NRL champions are the Melbourne Storm (2017), who beat the Leeds Rhinos in 2018 for the World Club challenge.


  • Kingsford Smith Airport (aka: Sydney Airport) (passengers, commercial)
  • Nancy Bird Walton International Airport (aka: Western Sydney Airport) (opening 2026, passengers, commercial)
  • Bankstown Airport (private)
  • Camden Airport (private)
  • Holsworthy RAAF base (army, military)
  • Richmond RAAF base (army military)


Capital cities of Australia
National Canberra | NSW Sydney | NT Darwin | Qld Brisbane | SA Adelaide | TAS Hobart | VIC Melbourne | WA Perth
Cities in Australia